Read this before you 'spoil the ballot' or don't vote.
Image from The Guardian. Counting votes in a UK election.
All votes are counted, recorded and announced for each constituency.
That includes all ballot papers where the voter has not voted for a candidate. But...
Like all democratic votes, protest votes will only be included in news reports and national results when the numbers make them significant and newsworthy.
In the 2015 General Election, the UK total of 'rejected' or 'spoilt' votes was almost 100k. (97,870 to be exact.) That is a huge number. It's equivalent to the votes for 3 or 4 MPs, given that most MPs are elected on 18k to 28k votes.
But across the country, it represents less than 1% of votes. So it was not news. Meanwhile, 34% of registered voters (nearly 16 million!) just didn't vote.
Goal: If just some of those non-voters will Vote for what they believe in, the results of the election can change. See the Real Results.
Goal: If just some Vote NONE, then the protest for change can be the biggest ever public protest in UK history. It can establish the protest vote as part of UK politics. Why Vote NONE?
Protest votes must be clear. To make a protest visible, don't just 'spoil the ballot'.
Direct action - by voting None
At present, UK elections are like a referendum where you can only say 'yes' to what is on offer. That will continue until enough voters clearly say 'no'.
There have been petitions asking for 'None of the Above' (NOTA) on the ballot paper for many years. However, like the demand for votes for women in the early 20th century, success doesn't come just from asking.
Voters have to make it happen. We already have the vote. It just requires some of the Unheard Third to vote NONE in protest, instead of being silent.
Here's how it works in more detail…
Classifying protest votes
Image from The Guardian. Counting votes at a UK election.
Your will be rejected as a vote for a candidate.
To be a visible protest, you then want it to be classified as a protest vote.
If the rejections multiply, just the huge number will be newsworthy.
But classification is important. Protest needs to be recognised and heard as protest, not dismissed as voters' mistakes or 'spoilt ballots'.
The Electoral Commission's guide for those who count the votes requires that rejected votes be classified and counted under four reasons for rejection:
- absence of official mark [polling station stamp];
- voting for more than one candidate;
- writing or mark by which the voter could be identified;
- unmarked or void for uncertainty.
The examples given include a protest vote (below) where the voter has written 'None of the Above' with a tick. The advice is to classify it as ''.
We can all accept that elections are about selecting candidates. And of course a protest vote must be rejected as a vote for a candidate. But by mixing protest votes with mistakes and unclear or 'spoilt' ballots, this classification is used to silence UK democratic protest.
Like absentions in meetings and in parliament, protest votes should be counted separately. It is indefensible not to recognise that there are political views beyond what is being offered by the parties. If enough people vote NONE, it will become indefensible in practice.
The weakness in their classification is that the 'voter's intent' in the example is clear. No sane person could fail to understand it, especially in the current political environment.
However, it is technically not clear beyond dispute. There is a tick in a candidate box, which can be accepted as a vote in place of a cross. So only the scribbled words show it's not a vote for the candidate.
Protest votes - clarity and number
To establish a right to say 'no' in UK elections
1. your protest vote must be clear, and
2. the number of protest votes must multiply.
1. Ensure your protest vote is clear
- Don't put a cross (or tick) anywhere.
- Don't write anything else which could identify you, or create any uncertainty or excuse.
- Just put a single line through all the boxes.
Write NONE across the ballot paper, so that your intention is clear beyond dispute.
It will then be indefensible to classify it as 'voter's intention uncertain'.
2. Multiply the number of protest votes
One third of all registered voters didn't vote last time. There are potential protest voters everywhere around you.
Help to convince everyone to use their vote: either to Vote, or Vote NONE. There's no reason to be silent.
Put up posters, hand out leaflets in busy places, and send tweets to engage non-voters everywhere. Share and like these pages. See the red action box and Why Vote?
The numbers are possible. Look at the Real Results every time for the UK and your own constituency. For exampe:
If just some of the Unheard Third vote NONE, then:
>> in close results around the country, the media, the public and the parties will demand to know why so many more votes were rejected.
>> to explain it, the returning officers will have to justify their certainty about that uncertainty in the voters intentions(!), so will have to identify them as protest votes.
Together we will have improved UK democracy, by establishing a basic democratic way to say 'no' as well as 'yes' to the parties, policies and candidates on offer.
We will have laid the foundation for democratic protest in all future elections. Do it! There's no reason to be silent.
Protest votes will count if people vote NONE clearly, in numbers that are newsworthy.
So use your vote.
Don't be silent.
Vote for a candidate who you trust
to work hard for things you believe in,
or vote NONE in protest.
With Donald Trump’s proclamations of a rigged election, some Northeast Florida voters are wondering whether their vote is safe.
At the Duval County Elections Center, Elections Supervisor Mike Hogan said multiple steps are in place to make sure each person votes only once and no one can tamper with that vote.
At polling places, each voter checks in with either a driver’s license or one of 11 other types of ID.
“And when they swipe it in the machine, it populates who that voter is right away in our database,” Hogan says.
The county now knows who’s voting and where he or she is voting. Each voter is given a receipt at check-in, which they take to the ballot table and trade for a ballot corresponding to the number on the receipt.
Hogan says, that way, if he’s sent 500 ballots to a precinct, “At the end of the day, if that precinct tells me that 350 people voted, I should still have 150 unused ballots here. So that’s my second check.”
He says he can double check either the receipts or a handwritten tally, on top of the ballot count itself.
When voters put their paper ballots into an electronic tabulator, “The voter’s going to see the number change on the screen, so the voter’s going to have some relief—‘OK, it took my ballot,’” Hogan said. “Number 2, it’s a paper ballot, and it falls into the bottom of the machine. That’s very important.”
Ballot counts are stored on the machines’ thumb drive, which is locked and inaccessible, and it’s transmitted to the Elections Center over a private internet connection.
“Most importantly, it transfers that data in what we call microbursts, so it’s very hard for someone to capture that. If they try to capture it, it’s going to slow it down a little bit, and we will notice it, and that will make us that much more earnest about checking our real data, which is the hard counts,” he said.
Hogan says each of the county’s 247 tabulating machines is tested for accuracy before the election, both at the Elections Center and again at the polling location. And Florida law requires random audits of races and precincts before the results are certified.
“So you see, I’ve given you a whole host of ways that we protect the vote, especially the accuracy of it,” Hogan said.
As for mail-in ballots, Hogan says it’s an old wives’ tale that they’re not counted unless the election is close. In reality, those ballots are counted first.
Listen to this story on Redux:
CORRECTION: Mike Hogan's name was incorrect in one mention in this story. Hogan is Duval County's elections supervisor. Jerry Holland is the former Duval elections supervisor and current property appraiser.
Hear the story airing on 89.9 WJCT-FM