Deforestation is the clearing of the trees. This is usually committed due to illegal logging and industrialization. Most of the land areas are converted into commercial and residential buildings. There are countries that are committing deforestation: Ecuador, Haiti, Nepal, North Korea, Indonesia, Ghana, Benin, Philippines, Nigeria and Honduras. Most of this countries are covered by forest but have drastically deforested over the years. Not only that there is deforestation, no trees are planted back to the land where there was.
To prevent the effects of deforestation, afforestation may be done. Afforestation is the planting of the trees in a land that has never been planted before. It is very rare for afforestation to take place. In the world today, most lands are used for industrialization – housing projects. Also, lands are classified into agricultural or commercial. Most of the lands were good for agriculture, until the nutrients of it are used; then it is converted into a commercial land. At present, because of the continuous booming of the population, there are less land areas that may be afforested. However, there are some countries who have done afforestation.
Ireland has only ten percent (10%) of forest. Their government subsidizes the forestry one hundred percent. This means the citizens are encouraged to build forests that is paid by the government but the forester must follow the standards of the government in order for it to be qualified under its subsidy. The grant is for 15 years and is income tax free.
India also has passed a law called Compensatory Afforestation Fund. This was drafted in 2015, and the bill plans to spend $6.2 billion to increase the forest cover from 21.34% to 33%.
For afforestation to take place, it needs study and process because the land may not be suitable for planting. Nonetheless, afforestation is done prevent soil erosion. Soil erosion happens when the topsoil wear away due to water or wind. The plants keep the soil intact; hence the soil is prevented from eroding.
There is a process to afforestation. Most importantly is the soil survey. The soil must be studied in order to know what kind of plants may planted in it. Next step is the biomass survey. Here the species that may live in the prospective forest is determined. This is to know what needs to be done to protect the ecology that will be created. The seedlings are first prepared before actually planting to the actual site. Afforestation takes a while before the society will benefit from such.
Our forests are important to protect the Earth from the effects of global warming. Deforestation is one of the main cause why the effects of it are increasing every year. No trees are absorbing the carbon dioxide emitted by the society. There are also no trees that will serve as a shade to the land. Flood will continue to damage the cities because there are no trees holding the water coming from the mountains affected by the deforestation. Worse than the flooding are the soil eroding whenever there are strong rains that may cause deaths of people.
The effects of the global warming is increasing and the planting of the trees takes time. There are several NGOs and government entities who are giving importance to the forest. This is by putting stringent policies with regard to the cutting of trees and planting back the forests. More than action, the government must educate the society of the importance of the forests to prevent the damaging effects of the deforestation.
India and Ireland has already set the best example for the rest of the country. The number one catalyst of the forestation is the government.
The destruction of forests is known as deforestation. By felling trees forest cover is destroyed. When trees are cut on a large scale to clear a large area of forest cover many trees are lost. This man-made activity has deleterious effects on the environment and ecology. Deforestation has led to many ecologically damaging outcomes affecting the flora and fauna of the area, and disturbing the food chain and the hydrological cycle. The disturbances created to the ecosystem due to deforestation are both short term and long term consequences.
Deforestation causes many wildlife species that live in the trees and the forest to lose their home. There is also a disturbance to the amount of rainfall in the area. Herbivorous wildlife that depends on trees for their food loses their source of food. Humans also lose their food source and livelihoods that are dependent on the forest. Global warming and climate change are also the fallout of deforestation.
You will find here below a number of short paragraphs on the topic Deforestation of varying word lengths. We hope these short and long paragraphs on Deforestation will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children write and read out paragraphs in simple words and with small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Deforestation according to their particular requirement.
Paragraphs on Deforestation
Deforestation Paragraph 1 (100 WORDS)
Deforestation is the term used for the clearing of forests. When trees are cut in a small or large scale thus clearing forest cover, it results in many damaging effects on the ecosystem and disturbs the ecological balance. When trees are cut and forests are cleared the hydrological balance in the ecosystem is also disturbed.
Many life forms live in trees. When trees are felled these life forms lose their homes. Man and all herbivorous animals and birds depend on trees for their food and sustenance. Therefore cutting of trees causes the life forms to lose their source of food.
Deforestation Paragraph 2 (150 WORDS)
When trees and vegetation in a forest are cleared out it is known as deforestation. The land that is thus obtained by clearing the forest is then used for various purposes such as creating residential or industrial areas or for the practice of agriculture or for laying roads or railway tracks. There has been large scale deforestation in India over the past couple of centuries.
Deforestation leads to serious ecological consequences. Wildlife species that live on trees lose their homes. They search for other habitats where they can live or they perish. Trees are also a source of food for man and many herbivorous wildlife species of the forests. By cutting down trees this source of food is destroyed. Forest products are also a source of livelihood for people who live near forests. When forests are cleared out these communities suffer. Deforestation also disturbs the hydrological cycle and climatic patterns.
Deforestation Paragraph 3 (200 WORDS)
The clearing of forest cover is known as deforestation. It involves the felling of trees and clearing of vegetation of a forest. This creates land that is used for other purposes such as building homes or factories, pursuing cultivation, or laying roads and railway lines.
Deforestation is the result of man’s insatiable greed. His desire for more and more goods and services, derived from limited non-renewable resources, leads to an unhealthy and unsustainable environment. So while the goals of modern development of a consumerist society are met, the deforestation disturbs the ecosystem.
Forests serve to create equilibrium in the ecosystem. Forests are home to many life forms such as birds, animals and insects. Herbivorous animals that live in forests are also dependent on the trees and vegetation for food. Man is also dependent on many forest products for his food. When trees are cut down, man and other herbivorous creatures lose their food supply. Forests also play a role in maintaining the hydrological cycle in the ecosystem. Forests also help in keeping climatic patterns.
Instead of safeguarding our forests if man recklessly cuts down trees the ecosystem is disturbed, and the life of man and all life forms is endangered.
Deforestation Paragraph 4 (250 WORDS)
Forests are a rich resource of our planet, Earth. Pristine forests provide benefits to the ecosystem that a re-created forest cannot create. Therefore it is important to protect our forests. Deforestation refers to loss of forest cover due to clearing of trees and vegetation in the forest. Deforestation leads to ecological and environmental disturbance and imbalance.
Forests are habitats that play host to many wildlife species. A wide variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects inhabit forests. The wildlife species that live in forests depend on the forests for their food, and complete their life cycle in the forest. When trees are cut, all the inhabitant creatures suffer.
Man too depends on forest products for his food. Communities that live near forests depend on the forests for their livelihood. These communities have been living near the forests over several generations, and are keen protectors of the forests. They adopt traditional environment-friendly practices. Deforestation therefore affects local communities.
Forests are important in maintaining the hydrological cycle in an ecosystem. When forests are left undisturbed the rainfall patterns are normal. The water table is also high enough to be available for man’s use for his various requirements to maintain his life and livelihood.
All life forms need water. Not only do marine species need water bodies, all terrestrial creatures too depend on water for their life. Loss of forest cover leads to disturbances in the hydrological cycle and climate patterns too.
Deforestation therefore leads to long term ecological disequilibrium and environmental hazards.
Deforestation Paragraph 5 (300 WORDS)
Forests have a great floral diversity. There are large trees, creepers and climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and plants that grow in forests. Forests are also habitats to many wildlife species. A large variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects live in forests.
In the forest you can hear the roaring of the lion, the trumpeting of the elephant, the chattering of monkeys and the sweet calls and songs of birds. You can see many colourful birds, many beautiful butterflies flitting around and many small insects and reptiles in the forest. For all these wildlife species the forest is their home.
These wild creatures live, feed, mate and raise families in the forest. There are large carnivorous animals like tigers, lions and leopards. There are other carnivorous mammals like hyenas, foxes and jackals, and birds like vultures, hawks and eagles that feed on carcasses in forests. Then, there are herbivorous creatures like the deer and elephant that depend on the trees and vegetation for their food. The herbivores also become food for the carnivores. The food chain is in balance with the carnivores and herbivores living in the forest. When forests are disturbed and wildlife killed by man, there is disequilibrium in the food chain that causes ecological disturbances.
Forests offer sustenance to many life forms including man. Man depends on forests for food and livelihood. Forests also maintain the hydrological cycle. Rainfall patterns are normal when forests are left undisturbed. Trees also help in holding the top soil which is fertile. When trees are cut off, the top soil gets washed away in rains and floods. This leads not only to silting of water bodies but also loss of soil fertility.
Deforestation is a hazard for ecosystems and the environment. Forests are a great natural wealth and should be protected.
Deforestation Paragraph 6 (350 WORDS)
When trees and vegetation in a forest are cleared out it is known as deforestation. The land thus obtained is then used for creating residential or industrial areas or for the practice of agriculture or for laying roads or railway tracks. In this process many developmental goals, as we understand development, are satisfied. But the ecosystem and the environment are damaged irreversibly due to the deforestation.
The trees and vegetation in a forest take long to grow. While it may take many years for trees to grow and for a forest to develop, it can be destroyed in a very short time due to the technology in man’s command and his uncontrolled greed and desire. Trees and forests play a very important role in our ecosystems. Forests have a great floral diversity that includes trees, creepers, climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and herbs.
A number of wildlife species such as mammals, birds, reptiles and insects live in forests. There are large animals like the elephant, rhinoceros and tiger, and smaller ones like the fox, jackal and antelope that live in forests. There are also a variety of birds that can be found in forests which may be endemic or native, or migratory ones that have flown in from distant lands. For instance, birds fly into India to save themselves the bitter Siberian winter. There are many varieties of snakes, butterflies and worms that also live in forests. All these wildlife species depend on the forests for their food.
When forests are cleared these species lose their homes and food. Thus we lose the wildlife diversity by cutting down forest trees. It is by deforestation that we have lost wildlife like the cheetah, and the lives of several wild species are endangered and threatened. We have to save our forests and the biodiversity that it supports by putting a stop to deforestation.
Forests provide food and livelihood for man too. Forests also maintain the hydrological cycle and climatic patterns on Earth. Global warming is also a fall out of deforestation. If we want to save our planet we must protect our forests.
Deforestation Paragraph 7 (400 WORDS)
Forests are a rich resource of our planet, the Earth. Forests have a great floral diversity. There are trees, creepers, climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and herbs that make up the vegetation in forests. Deforestation refers to the felling of trees and clearing of vegetation of a forest.
Forests are important habitats for a large number of wildlife species. A wide variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects inhabit forests. In the forests you can hear the roaring of the lion, the trumpeting of the elephant, the chattering of monkeys, and the sweet calls and songs of birds. You can see colourful birds, beautiful butterflies flitting around and small insects and reptiles. For all these wildlife species the forest is their home.
The food chain is in balance with the carnivores and herbivores living in the forest. While there are large carnivorous mammals like tigers, lions and leopards, there are other smaller carnivores like hyenas, foxes and jackals that live in the forests. There are also the scavenger birds like the vulture, hawk and eagle that feed on carcasses in forests. Herbivores like the deer and elephant that depend on the trees and vegetation for their food also live in forests. The herbivores also become food for the carnivores. When forests are disturbed and wildlife killed by man, there is disequilibrium in the food chain that causes ecological disturbances.
Man too depends on forests for his food and livelihood. When forests are cleared, man’s food supply, and the livelihoods of communities that live in the vicinity of forests are adversely affected.
Forests are important in maintaining the hydrological cycle on the planet. Rainfall patterns are normal when forests are left undisturbed. Global warming and climate change are also due to deforestation.
Despite forests being vital to the health of ecosystems, man has been clearing forests. This creates land that is used for other purposes such as building of homes or factories, practicing cultivation, or laying of roads and railway lines.
Deforestation is the result of man’s insatiable greed for more and more goods and services, derived from limited non-renewable resources. It leads to an unhealthy and unsustainable environment. So while the goals of modern development of a consumerist society are met, the deforestation disturbs the ecosystem.
Forests are a great natural wealth, and if we wish to treasure it we need to protect it by putting an end to deforestation.
——– Written by N. KALYANI
Essay on Deforestation
Speech on Deforestation