Steps Of Writing An Argumentative Essays

Most of the students get confused or even stressed when they are asked to come up with this piece of writing assignment. Essay writing is a very big part of the process. You will face with it throughout the academic year. No matter where you study whether it is high school, college or university, you need to know steps to a persuasive essay. It will not be difficult to create a good text if you will know the main steps to writing an essay. We highlighted the 5 steps to write an essay that will help you build a nice composition and get a high grade. Basic essay steps include researching, planning, writing, and proofreading.

What Are The 5 Steps To Writing An Essay?

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How To Write An Argumentative Essay Step By Step

Do The Research

Prewriting is just getting all of your ideas on paper. Don’t start writing without fully knowing what you are supposed to write about. It will be much easier for you to write if you pick the topic by yourself. Look for the tips how to write an argumentative essay step by step. An essay will not be strong without a deep research to support your main idea. Research is a crucial part of every writing assignment. Begin by collecting the necessary data. Think about the topic thoroughly and begin collecting the information. You can take necessary materials from text books, websites, or any other potential source of info. Visit the library or look on the Internet for the needed information about your topic. Once this is done the writing process will be much easier. There are many sites with useful information about how to write a critical analysis essay step by step. If you have any questions concerning your topic or format you need to use, do not hesitate and ask your professor for more clarification. You need to understand the requirements to fulfill them correctly. Follow the instructions and you will know what steps to a persuasive essay you need to take. Organize your thoughts and all collected information and start writing your informative essay.

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Begin The Process

Start your composition with writing an introduction. Catch the reader’s attention and tell what exactly you want to describe, inform or educate about in your text. Knowing easy steps to writing an essay outline will make you stay focused on a structure of the text. After the introduction go the body paragraphs. At this section, you need to hold the reader's attention by offering compelling, interesting and substantial ideas that support, make graphic illustrations in your brain, exemplify and expand the topic of the essay. Having prepared a step by step essay outline will ease your writing process. The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument. The body paragraphs will explain your essay's topic. The body of an essay may include three, four or five paragraphs. Each paragraph should contribute to the overall argument or idea that you are trying to present. It will be very helpful for you to look for the effective steps to write argumentative essay. Many students find conclusions the most difficult part of an essay to write. In conclusion, an author needs to persuade the readers to one’s point of view and convey a sense of completeness and closure. Restate your main points and argument. Try to make your conclusion informative as well as short and simple. It is important to be aware of the style you need to use and features it should contain. These are the main styles of an essay you can be asked to write:

  • Argumentative - gives arguments, pros and cons for a particular position or situation. Find steps for writing an argumentative essay which will help you create a good piece of writing. Consider these steps to write argumentative essay and you will gain great success on the exam.
  • Informative - educates the reader about a given topic.
  • Personal reflective - reflects on the experience and outline how you have changed as a person and how your life has been affected.
  • Biographical or autobiographical – provides information about a person or about yourself.
  • Narrative – is like a story about a single personal experience.
  • Expository - evaluates the issue and the make a conclusion based on findings.
  • Analytical - analyzes and critically evaluate a topic.
  • Discursive - investigates an argument by offering two opposing perspectives
  • Response – is also called a reaction, gives a response to something – to a book, a movie, a speech or anything else.
  • Critical - analyzes the strengths or weaknesses of things, events, people.
  • Persuasive – discusses the topic and persuade the readers that your opinion is correct.

Knowing how to write a character analysis essay step by step you will produce a well-written paper and improve your writing skills.

Do not underestimate the importance of proofreading. It is crucial that you do not submit any spelling and grammar errors. Double check your citations and references and make sure that they meet university standards. Pay attention to paragraph layout and how well it flows as it is read. A good English paper must be technically correct and easy to read. Try to link sentences and paragraphs logically. You can ask your friends or relative to read your paper with fresh eyes which will help to find any misspellings. There are plenty of helpful sites online, which can assist you in editing and proofreading of your text. Check online for rules on using commas, semi-colons, etc. Present the information in a clear and concise manner, write from your heart and you will definitely exceed your professor’s expectations.

Writing an argumentative essay should be a rewarding experience, and following these five simple steps will help you get the most from your work.


During the research phase you will develop an understanding of your audience, and the topic area covered by your essay.

Understanding your audience#

In order to write effectively it is important to consider who it is that you are writing for, and the context within which your writing will be read.

Consider the answers to these three simple questions:

  1. Who will be reading your work?
  2. Why are they reading your work?
  3. What do you want them to take away from their reading of your work?

Keeping the answers to these questions in mind whilst you write will guide your use of language, the level of technical detail that you need to include, and whether or not you can make any assumptions about the reader’s level of knowledge.

Understanding your topic#

In order to establish your existing understanding of your topic area’s breadth and depth, undertake some basic research before you begin writing:

  • Brainstorm what you think you already know about the topic: This will give you a sense of the depth of your understanding, and what questions you need to answer before you can begin writing.
  • Do some broad research – e.g. Web searches – to give you a sense of the breadth of the topic area: This will validate the scope of your existing understanding, highlight any gaps in your knowledge, and give some clues as to where you should focus more detailed investigations.

As you research your topic be sure to make good notes, so that you can keep track of the sources of evidence that you will use when you begin writing.


During the drafting phase you will formulate your thesis, and build an outline of your essay.

Formulating a thesis#

Having a clear and concise thesis statement is an essential part of writing a strong argumentative essay.

Your thesis statement should:

  1. Be specific to the topic and contents of your essay;
  2. Be supported by the contents of your essay;
  3. Clearly communicate the position that you will be taking throughout the essay.

An example of a strong thesis statement might be:

Evidence shows that approaching your writing in a systematic and structured way will lead to a more readable essay that will achieve a higher grade.

Developing a strong thesis statement will help you define the essay’s individual sections, and will also help the reader understand the position that you have taken throughout the essay.

Building an outline#

Giving an argumentative essay a solid overarching structure from the outset will make sure that you have a clear understanding of both what work there is still to do, as well as ensuring that you leave enough space for the different parts of your argument.

Using an Outliner to organize your essay gives you a flexible structure within which to develop your ideas whilst you research your topic, and provides you with a framework within which to construct your argument as you write-up your essay’s individual sections.

We have provided an argumentative essay outline template to help get you started, which gives you a basic structure around which to organize your research and writing.


During the revision phase you will develop your outline into a detailed narrative that is easy for your intended audience to read and understand.

Developing your narrative#

Begin developing your essay’s narrative structure by ensuring that it has a strong introduction which captures the reader’s attention, provides an overview of the topic area covered, and sets out your thesis statement.

Each of the following sections of your essay should focus on one facet of the argument put forward in your thesis statement, and include your analysis of the evidence that you identified during your research.

You should then set out the opposition’s case against your claim, again calling on evidence that refutes their position, and provide your analysis of how it does so.

Finally, you should wrap up your essay with a strong conclusion that restates your opening thesis, and then reviews the main arguments that you have made – both in support of your own position, and refuting the opposition’s claims.

As part of your concluding statement you should include both a call to action – how can the reader get involved in supporting your side of the argument – and a brief overview of what you think the future of the topic might be.

Revise, revise and revise again#

Rather than attempting to get each section right the first time through, you should iteratively revise your work, improving it a little more with each pass:

  • Look for sections where you need to add new material to support the arguments that you are making;
  • Rearrange individual sentences, paragraphs, or even whole sections where this will improve the flow and pace of your narrative;
  • Replace any parts that contradict or detract from the arguments which you are putting forward;
  • Remove any duplicate information, or parts that don’t add any additional information in support of the arguments you have made.

Approaching your writing in this way will give your ideas time to develop, and enable you to refine the way in which you are articulating those ideas within the context of the rest of your document.


During the editing phase you will finialize your work, ensuring that your use of language and style is consistent and correct.

Begin by reviewing your thesis, considering whether you have approached it in a balanced and structured way, and how your audience might critique what you have written in support of it.

Look for repetition and redundancy in your writing, and ensure that your sentences, paragraphs & sections are reduced to their simplest and shortest form.

Ensure that you have used a consistent voice (active or passive), tense (past, present or future), and writing style throughout your work.

Make sure you have included any citations to the work of others that you have referenced within you writing, and that any links that you have established to other parts of your own document remain valid.

Check your spelling, punctuation, and grammar, as well as your usage of lists, numbering, and categorization.

It is important to give yourself a break before editing your work – so that your thoughts have time to settle – ideally waiting until the following day.


During the publishing phase you will choose the most appropriate format for sharing your work, and ensure that its layout is correct.

Make sure that you understand what format your work should be submitted in – electronic submission, printed and bound, etc – and whether there are any layout or style restrictions e.g. font size or type.

Once you have selected the right format for your work, check that its layout is correct in that format. If it is to be printed on paper then make sure that you have time to check that it has printed correctly, and to fix any issues.

To use our argumentative essay outline template simply sign up and create your first outline (it’s free!).

See also#

Five essay templates for a list of all of our essay outlines.

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