Academic Essay Linking Words Worksheets

The linking words list below is essential for IELTS writing task 2 for high score. The examiner needs to see a range of linking words in your essay to award you a high score for the criterion of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks. You will be checked on your range, accuracy and your flexibility of linking words in IELTS writing task 2. These connecting words are suitable for all types of essay writing as well as GT IELTS writing task 2

Download PDF: Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2

Listing

This is often used to either put your paragraphs in order or used inside the paragraph to list your supporting points.

  • firstly
  • secondly
  • thirdly
  • fourthly
  • lastly /last but not least / finally

Adding Information

You will need to support your main points in your IELTS essay. These linkers inform the reader that extra information is about to be presented.

  • in addition
  • additionally
  • furthermore
  • moreover
  • also
  • not only … but also
  • as well as
  • and

Giving Examples

It is often useful to give examples to support your ideas in IELTS writing task 2. Make sure you use this range of linking words to do so.

  • for example
  • one clear example is
  • for instance
  • such as
  • namely
  • to illustrate
  • in other words

To learn how to put examples in sentences for essay writing, please follow this link: How to Add Examples to Essays.

Results and Consequences

These linking devices can be used for solution essays or any essay when you need to explain the consequences of something.

  • as a result
  • consequently
  • therefore
  • thus
  • hence
  • so
  • for this reason

Highlighting and Stressing

It is important to be clear about what you mean in your essay. These linking words help you stress particular points.

  • particularly
  • in particular
  • specifically
  • especially
  • obviously
  • of course
  • clearly

Concessions and Contrasts

You often need to give opposite ideas, particularly for discussion essays so the linking words below will help you show the reader when you want to introduce an opposite point. Also you might want to give exceptions to a rule for a concession.

  • admittedly
  • however
  • nevertheless
  • even though
  • although
  • but
  • despite
  • in spite of
  • still
  • on the other hand
  • by contrast
  • in comparison
  • alternatively
  • another option could be

Reasons and Causes

These connecting words will help you explain reasons and causes for something which is very common in IELTS writing task 2, especially for cause / solution essays.

  • because
  • owing to
  • due to
  • since
  • as

Giving your Opinion

  • in my opinion
  • I think
  • I believe
  • I admit
  • in my view
  • I concur / agree
  • I disagree / I cannot accept

Don’t make a mistake with the way you express your opinion. Watch this video for useful tips on giving your opinion and how to avoid mistakes: IELTS: Presenting your Opinion

Concluding Linkers

  • in conclusion
  • to conclude
  • to sum up

To get more tips and advice on linking words to start your IELTS conclusion, please watch this video lesson: IELTS Conclusion Linkers

Practice with Linking Words

Improve your use of linking words by fill in the gaps below with linking words from the above list.

  • There are a number of drawbacks to people using Facebook as a way of communicating (1)………………… it is (2)…………….. one of the most common social networking platforms for both individuals and businesses.
  • (3)……………………….. the lack of exercise taken by average people, obesity and other weight related problems are on the rise.
  • Unemployment and poverty, (4) ………….. in urban areas, is often deemed to be the cause of rising crime rate.
  • (5) ……….. the rise in urban crime, more and more people continue to move to cities looking for a better life.
  • More children are becoming obese and (6)…………….. schools should be encouraged to provide more sports lessons and outdoor activities.

Answers

Click below to reveal the answers:

Answers
  1. even though
  2. admittedly
  3. Due to / Owing to ( you can’t have “because of” because it is at the beginning of a sentence)
  4. particularly / especially / specifically
  5. despite
  6. therefore / so / for this reason

 

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Transition Words

Transition words tie two thoughts together and add fluency to writing. Words such as “although,” “however,” and “for example,” play an important role to help move smoothly from one paragraph to another. However, they also help a reader to understand location, similarities and differences, or main points.  There are several categories of concluding transitions, and understanding each is important to choosing a good word or phrase for a sentence or paragraph. We've included helpful lists,  and printable worksheets below.

Scroll  Directly to Printable Transition Word Worksheets.

Place and Space Transition Words

These transition words of place and space help the reader understand location.

Example:  Nearby, the teachers were meeting in a closed-door session.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
aboveacrossaroundadjacent to
belowbetweenbeyondhere
insidenearbyneighboring onopposite to
outsidetherewherever

Comparison / Contrast Transition Words

These transition words of comparison and contrast emphasize either the similarities of two ideas or the difference between them.

Example: Similarly, the harvest dance was also held on a Friday night.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
after alland yetat the same timebut
by the same tokenhoweverin contrastin like manner
in similar fashionin the same waylikewisenevertheless
notwithstandingon the contraryon the other handotherwise
rathersimilarlythoughyet

Cause / Purpose / Condition Transition Words

These transition words of cause, purpose, and condition guide the reader from an idea to its underlying root.

Example: Even if the school district pays for half of the students’ breakfasts, there still will be those without enough resources to pay for the remaining amount.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
becauseeven iffor that reasonfor this purpose
given thatgrantedinasmuch asin order that
on account ofprovided thatsinceso that
to be sureto that endto this end

Conclusion / Summary Transition Words

These transition words of conclusion and summary allow the writer to recap one point before moving to the next or to the end.

Example: Ultimately, no one has more influence on a student ’s grades than the student himself.

Read more about how to write a conclusion paragraph.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
all in allall things consideredaltogetherfinally
in briefin conclusionin essencein short
in summaryin the final analysisto concludeto sum up
to summarizeultimately

Time / Sequence Transition Words

These transition words of time and sequence explain order or chronology to the reader.

Example: In the meantime, the library will be closed during lunch.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
afterafterwardsalwaysat length
beforeduringfollowinghenceforth
immediatelyin the meantimelaterearlier
meanwhilenevernextnow
occasionallyoncesimultaneouslyso far
sometimessoonsubequentlythen
this timeuntil nowwhenwhenever
while

Effect / Result / Qualification Transition Words

These transition words of effect, result, and qualification take the reader from the problem to its consequences or possible results.

Example: Consequently, fewer students are able to take courses in the fine arts: music, art, and drama.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
accordinglyalmostas a resultalthough
alwaysconsequentlyfrequentlyhence
henceforthin that casemaybenever
perhapsprobablyso thentherefore
thus

Addition / Extension Transition Words

These transition words of addition and extension are used to add to a previous idea or extend the logic or argument.

Example: Furthermore, the student council has unanimously endorsed the revised calendar for the school.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
additionallyagainalsoand
besideseven morefinallyfirst (or in the first place)
furtherfurthermorein additionin the same way
last, lastlylikewisemoreovernext
second, secondly, etc. (or in the second place)similarlythird (etc.)too

Example / Clarification / Emphasis Transition Words

These transition words of example, clarification, and emphasis are used by writers to explain a point or to give emphasis.

Example: In other words, a longer school day may provide more opportunities instead of fewer.

Word List (Open PDF Version)
above allas an illustrationby all meanscertainly
e.g., (for example)especiallyfor examplefor instance
i.e., (that is)importantlyin factin other words
indeedmore importantlynoof course
particularlyspecificallysurelythat is to say
to clarifyto demonstrateto explainto illustrate
to put another wayto repeatto rephrase itundoubtedly
without a doubtyes

As you can see, there are a great many choices when deciding which word best connects sentences or paragraphs. While not easy, understanding how these "connecting" words work make writing much easier for students.

Free, Printable Worksheets

Correct the Transition Word Mistakes – Worksheet

Have your students revise sentences and correct transition word mistakes with this educational writing activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c, W.8.2.c

Identify the Transition Words

Help your students identify different transition words with this printable writing worksheet.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c

Transition Words: Complete the Sentence

Enhance your students’ writing skills with this “Complete the Sentence” transition words activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c

Transition Words: Connecting Ideas

Teach your students how to connect ideas with this helpful transition words classroom activity.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c

Using Transition Words

In this worksheet, your students will learn how to properly use transition words in a sentence.

Grade Levels:
4th and 5th Grade, 6th - 8th Grade, Grades K-12
CCSS Code(s):
W.5.2.c, W.6.2.c, W.7.2.c

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